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室外預防雷電的措施有哪些
2018-06-27 16:04:15 來源:河北德育網 瀏覽:1212

在雷電發生時,我們應盡量不要到室外活動,大多數雷擊死亡的事故發生在戶外。所以在遇到烏云密布,狂風暴雨即將來臨時,大家應盡快躲在室內,如果躲避不及,在室外遇到雷雨天氣時,提醒大家可以采取以下幾種防雷措施:

    1、 由于云與大地之間發生的雷電,是有選擇性的。一般高大的物體以及物體的尖端是容易被雷擊的。所以在室外請不要靠近鐵塔、煙囪、電線桿等高大物體,更不要躲在大樹下或者到孤立的棚子和小屋里避雨。

    2、 如果在室外萬一無處躲藏,你可以躲在與避雷裝置頂成45°夾角的圓錐范圍內,這是一個避雷針安全保護的區域,但不要靠近這些建筑物或構筑物。

    3、在郊外曠野里,要找一塊地勢低的地方,站在干燥的,最好是有絕緣功能的物體上,蹲下且兩腳并攏,使兩腿之間不會產生電位差。

    4、為了防止接觸電壓的影響,在室外千萬不要接觸任何金屬的東西,像電線、鋼管、鐵軌等導電的物體。

    5、當你在野外高山活動時,最好是躲在山洞的里面,并且盡量躲到山洞深處,你的兩腳也要并攏,身體也不可接觸洞壁。

    6、在雷雨天氣時,千萬不要到江河湖溏等水面附近去活動,要盡快上岸躲避,并且要遠離水面。
    7、如果能有汽車,將車的門窗關閉好躲在里,這也是很安全的。因為金屬的汽車外殼是一個非常好的屏蔽。若一旦有雷擊,金屬的外殼就會很容易地把雷電電流大地。

 
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